Dyslexia is the neurodevelopmental language-based learning difficulty that causes challenges with comprehension, word recognition and decoding and spelling. As learning to read is a key area in education and development, children who have dyslexia may become very anxious, distressed and avoidant around tasks that involve reading as their struggle can bring up difficult feelings of inadequacy and failure. This may mean the child is punished for something that is beyond their control if their learning difficulty is not recognised.

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Dyslexia | Psychology Today United Kingdom